General information

In accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Moldova and the National Integrity and Anti-Corruption Strategy 2017-2020 a number of authorities exercise duties of preventing and combating corruption by implementing policies and practices in the field.

The essential role in preventing and fighting corruption is vested with the specialized anti-corruption authorities: National Anti-Corruption Centre and the Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office.

The National Anticorruption Centre (CNA) is an institution that reports to Moldovan Parliament and its legal framework was redesigned to only target corruption cases. The Centre has competency in both preventing and combating corruption, as well as criminal assets recovery. It also performs the tasks of the Secretariat of the Monitoring Groups for National Integrity and Anti-corruption Strategy implementation. Among others, the National Anti-corruption Centre is the responsible body for conducting anti-corruption assessment of laws and by-laws, as well as for coordinating corruption risk assessment process in public institutions. The institution undertakes integrity testing in respect of public officials.

The Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office is a specialized office in charge of leading all the criminal investigations conducted by the investigators of the National Anti-Corruption Centre, but it can conduct its own criminal investigations too.

Another authority, responsible for ensuring the integrity in the public sector, is the National Integrity Authority, which is in charge of verifying the assets and personal interests of public officials, conflicts of interest and incompatibilities in the public office findings. To carry out its mandate, the Authority closely works with the National Anti-Corruption Centre and with the Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office when referring its findings for further criminal investigations.

Corruption Perception Surveys

Corruption Perception Index
by Transparency International:
32/100 (2019)
   
Government Effectiveness (from -2,5 to +2,5),
World Governance Indicators by World Bank:
-0,38 (2019)
   
Control of Corruption (from -2,5 to +2,5),
World Governance Indicators by World Bank:
-0,62 (2019)
   
Index of Economic Freedom
by Heritage Foundation:
62 (2020)
   
Corruption (1=best, 7=worst),
Nations in Transit by Freedom House:
2.25 (2020)
   
Democracy Score (1=best, 7=worst),
Nations in Transit by Freedom House:
3.11/7 (2020)