Law Enforcement – Albania Anti Corruption Institutional Framework

Investigative:

Contacts

Website

tel. +35 42 282 000

Level of Independence

– Permanence: Law no. 9110, dated 24.07.2003

– Appointment: General Prosecutor candidates are appointed to office by the President of the Republic on the proposal of the General Prosecutor on the basis of the results of public competition.

– Removal: Law 8737: 1. A prosecutor is removed from duty in these cases: a) when he resigns; b) when he reaches the age of 65; c) when his juridical capacity to act is removed or limited by a final court decision. 2. After he has received the consent of the prosecutor himself, the General Prosecutor may decide to keep on duty a prosecutor who has reached the retirement age contemplated in letter “b” of point 1 of this article. 3. A prosecutor is discharged from duty in these cases: a) when he is punished for a criminal offense by a final court decision; b) when a disciplinary measure according to letter “d” of article 32 of this law is taken; c) when he is evaluated as incompetent in accordance with points 3 and 4 of article 42 of this law.

– Immunity: Yes

– Financial Autonomy: budget adopted in standard procedure

Contacts

Website

Email: policiaeshtetit@asp.gov.al

tel. +355 4 2364953

Hotline: tel. +355 0800 9090

General information

Established: 1991

Structure: headed by General Director; divided into four main departments: Department of Organized and Serious Crimes, Department of Public Safety, Department of Border & Migration Control, Department of Support Services

Competencies: supervises the performance of police functions and duties by the Regional Police Directorates; receives and investigates complaints from citizens against police officers

Level of Independence

– Permanence: Law nr. 108 dated 31/07/2014

– Appointment: The Director is appointed by the Council of Ministers upon proposal of the Minister of Interior (article 13 Law nr. 108 dated 31/07/2014)

– Removal: Under specific conditions set out in article 16 of the above law (in cases where he is convicted of a criminal offense and in cases of weak performance of the objectives)

– Immunity: No

– Financial Autonomy: Based on article 137 of the above law, the budget of the State Police is a separate program within the ministry’s budget, called “ASP”. The director of this program is the Director of the State Police and the budget program is approved in the annual budget law. Moreover, there is a special budget for operation and other needs, which is also solely managed by the ASP Directorate.

Contacts

Website

Email: public.relations@fint.gov.al

tel +355 4 2244602; Fax: +355 4 2244602

Level of Independence

– Permanence: Yes, it is directorate under Ministry of Finance

– Appointment: by the Council of Ministers based on law Nr.9917, dated 19.5.2008

– Removal: by the Council of Ministers

– Immunity: No

– Financial Autonomy: no, it functions under the MF

General information

Established: 2007

Structure: Joint Investigative Unit for the investigation of corruption and economic crime in Tirana and 6 Joint Investigative Units in Durrësi, Vlora, Fieri, Shkodra, Korça and Gjirokastra.

Level of Independence

– Permanence: Created under MoU No 2953, dated 22.05.2007, among the Prosecutor General, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Finance and State Intelligence Service “On setting up a Joint Investigative Unit for the investigation of corruption and economic crime” composed also of judicial police officers of the Ministry of Interior and specialists from GDPML and MoU dated 6 May, 2009 on setting up 6 Joint Investigative Units, with representatives from District Prosecutor Offices in Durrësi, Vlora, Fieri, Shkodra, Korça and Gjirokastra, signed by the Prosecutor General, Minister of Interior, Minister of Finance, Director of the State Intelligence Service, the Inspector General of the High Inspectorate for the Declaration and Audit of Assets and Chairman of the Supreme State Audit

– Appointment: by the relevant institutions

– Removal: by the relevant institutions

– Immunity: no

– Financial Autonomy: no

Prosecutorial:

Contacts

Website

tel. +35 42 282 000

Level of Independence

– Permanence: Law no. 9110, dated 24.07.2003

– Appointment: General Prosecutor candidates are appointed to office by the President of the Republic on the proposal of the General Prosecutor on the basis of the results of public competition.

– Removal: Law 8737: 1. A prosecutor is removed from duty in these cases: a) when he resigns; b) when he reaches the age of 65; c) when his juridical capacity to act is removed or limited by a final court decision. 2. After he has received the consent of the prosecutor himself, the General Prosecutor may decide to keep on duty a prosecutor who has reached the retirement age contemplated in letter “b” of point 1 of this article. 3. A prosecutor is discharged from duty in these cases: a) when he is punished for a criminal offense by a final court decision; b) when a disciplinary measure according to letter “d” of article 32 of this law is taken; c) when he is evaluated as incompetent in accordance with points 3 and 4 of article 42 of this law.

– Immunity: Yes

– Financial Autonomy: budget adopted in standard procedure